Four Darks in Red, 1958 by Mark Rothko

Four Darks in Red shows Mark Rothko’s often used axis of black, brown and red, which is in a number of his easel paintings and in the mural projects for the Seagram Building and the
Rothko Chapel in Houston, Texas.

The red field against which the four dark forms float is first tinged with crimson, then with orange, then with brown. The lozenge shapes complement these shifts. The one closest to the lower
edge of the canvas is a slightly blackened crimson. Moving vertically upwards, the next is more violet. The large area of black is first shaded with blue and then with green. And finally, squeezed
in at the top of the canvas there is a thin strip of a rather nondescript, umberish brown which seems to be holding all the rest in place.

This is characteristic of Rothko’s signature “multiform” style of blurred, lozenge shapes, moving horizontally across the surface of the canvas. Its meaning is difficult to comprehend, however it
could be that, like Jackson Pollock, another Abstract Expressionist and contemporary of Rothko, the piece has no “meaning” in the normal sense of the word,
but rather the painting is itself its own meaning.

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